What is needed is a flexible, versatile, highly projectable, high readiness, interoperable, and of high political value air force. The air force must pursue capabilities to train, exercise, and operate effectively in a joint force framework.
Based on the lessons learned from the current conflict, ground forces, in addition to ensuring a qualified presence in Italy in contributing to security and public order, must be able to deploy - outside the country - a force at least of Army Corps level.
Grain shortages and the galloping economic crisis caused by the war in Ukraine are gripping the main countries of origin and transit of illegal migrants heading to Europe via Italy.
And so why not revise -as soon as possible and in the interests of this Europe battered by too many world wars- the concept of a buffer state, a nation to be placed between two rival or potentially hostile great powers.
Just supplying weapons to Ukraine, without making an effort to find a dialogue or a diplomatic encounter, leads nowhere. Italy should not be subject to others' decisions, but should assert its reasons.
Hunger and blackouts are unleashing an unprecedented economic crisis in countries of origin of migratory flows. So let's expect a hot summer and, with this Minister of the Interior, let's prepare for the worst, hoping that good weather will come as late as possible.
Before suggesting how to channel military spending increased to 2% of GDP, it is essential to expose what are the threats challenging Italy and what strategic-military guidelines should drive military spending.
The maneuvers in the field must be read according to this perspective: for Russia the Black Sea is indispensable because it is the obliged passage not only towards the Mediterranean, but also towards the Atlantic and the Indo-Pacific. It is through the Black Sea that Moscow can reach lines of maritime communication otherwise precluded.
Although the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is fought primarily on land, the maritime dimension is neither alien to the conduct of operations nor to the strategic motivations of the two sides.